Listings in Government
US Food and Drug Administration, a.k.a. FDA or USFDA, is a Federal agency that is a division of the Department of Health and Human Services that was formed on June 30, 1906 with an annual budget of more than $3 B with more than 14,000 employees.
FDA is responsible for protecting public health with supervision of:
Over-the-Counter Pharmaceutical Drugs
Electromagnetic Radiation Emitting Devices
Animal Foods & Feed
The agency has 223 field offices and 13 laboratories throughout the US, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and have employees in other countries, including, China, India, Costa Rica, Chile, Belgium and the UK.
The calendar year 2006 marked the centennial of regulations which gave rise to wide spread consumer security from the U. S.a law which in most ways proved to be a part of the Progressive Era. Founded by President Theodore Roosevelt on June 30, 1906, the legislation which spanned adulterated and misbranded food and medication needed traversed a challenging route that lasted 25 decades and several hundred statements. Regulations emerged because of dedicated work by lots of civic activists, country officials, medical researchers, politicians, journalists, as well as others. But few functioned too difficult, provided that, so when efficiently because of the Reason Behind customer security since Harvey Wiley, Chief Chemist of the Bureau of Chemistry at the U. S. Department of Agriculture, regarded by many the father of their FDA.
Even the FDA realized this anniversary in many diverse methods, out of workshops, books, and symposia, to musical performances, a bike race, and also distinctive site commemorations. The records here recognize that this essential landmark in U. S. and also FDA history and research the 1906 law has been a turning point at the foundation of the American user.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is most commonly known as the Federal Reserve Board or The Fed. It is the governing body of the Federal Reserve System and charged with oversight of the Federa Reserve Banks and assist with monetary policy of the United States. The Governors are appointed by the president of the US, confirmed by the Senate for term of 14-years.
US Securities and Exchange Commission, a.k.a. SEC is an independent agency of the United States government that was founded on June 6, 1934. It was created following the stock market crash of the 1920s in order to protect investors and the banking system. It holds the responsibilities of enforcing the federal securities laws, proposing securities rules and regulating the industry, which includes stock and option exchanges.
The purpose of the DOL is to is foster, promote and develop the well-being of the wage earners,job seekers and retirees in the US. Additionally, improve working conditions, advance opportunities for profitable employment ensuring work related rights and benefits. This obligation is supported by more than 180 federal laws and thousands of regulations.
The Department was formed on March 4, 1913 and today, has more than 17,000 employees with an annual budget exceeding $12 Billion.
We strongly encourage you to read the Wikipedia page linked for this Department to thoroughly understand their function and how they might help employers and employees understand their obligations to protect and serve each other.
The US Department of State is most commonly referred to as the “State Department”. State Departments’ responsibility is US foreign policy and international relations to help stimulate diplomatic diplomacy. It was established in 1789 as the nations first executive department. State Department is responsible for advising the President, administering the US’s diplomatic missions, negotiating treaties and agreements with foreign nations while representing the United States at the UN (United Nations).
The US Department of State is responsible for:
Protecting and assisting US citizens living and traveling overseas
Assisting American businesses in foreign markets
Coordinating and providing support for international activities of other US agencies, official visits overseas and at home and other diplomatic efforts
Keeping the public informed about US foreign policy and relations with other countries and providing feedback from the public to administrative officials
Providing automobile registration for non-diplomatic staff vehicles and the vehicles of diplomats of foreign countries having diplomatic immunity in the US
State Departments has an annual budget of an estimated $52 Billion with 13,000 Foreign Service employees and 45,000 local employees making it one of the largest department of the US Government.
The US Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is a federal agency that was created in 1974 to regulate the US derivatives markets, including futures, swaps and certain types of options.
The US Department of Justice (DOJ) was formed on July 1, 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration as an Executive Department of the US Government. It is the largest law enforcement agency in the country. DOJ has several several division, including:
Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI)
US Marshals Service
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
Bureau of Prisons (BOP)
The DOJ is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud as well as reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. DOJ represents the United States government in legal matters, such as cases before the Supreme Court, and running the federal prison system.
The department is managed by the United States Attorney General who is nominated by the President of the US, confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is William Barr, appointed by President Donald J. Trump.
This is a large topic, therefore, we encourage you to use the Wikipedia link below for complete details.
The Supreme Court of the United States, also referred to as SCOTUS, is the highest ranking court in the United States. It has discretionary appellate jurisdiction over the state and federal court cases that involve the point of Federal Law, and original jurisdiction over a narrow range of cases. It was created by Article III of the Constitution on March 4, 1789. Each judge is appointed to this lifetime tenure, meaning they shall remain as judge until they either, resign, retire, die or are removed from the position.
Appointment of federal judges can and has been political at times as displayed in current events regarding the appointment of Judge Amy Coney Barrett by President Donald J. Trump. Judges are suppose to be unbiased and be capable of separating their personal beliefs in order to rule independently. Appointments are approved by the Senate.